Fassberg Seminar: Organoids to explore uniquely human development
Mar 6, 2018
11:00 - 12:00
Dr. Gray Camp
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig
Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie (MPIBPC)
Large Seminar Room
Human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) can self-organize into complex, three-dimensional (3D) tissues that recapitulate morphological, functional, and genetic aspects of human organ development. These ‘organoid’ systems allow us to study the mechanisms that underlie human development and disease, as well as explore the evolutionary changes that created uniquely human cells. I will present our work using single-cell genomics to compare human brain and liver organoids with primary tissues to understand how precisely organoid development recapitulates in vivo programs. In addition, we have generated organoids from our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and the other great apes, and I will discuss our effort to identify cis-regulatory, gene expression, and cell biological features that appear to be specific to modern humans.