In order to strengthen the scientific network of the Max Planck Institutes, the Max Planck Society appoints renowned international scientists as External Scientific Members assigned to an institute.
Sydney Brenner studied at the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa and received his doctorate from the British Oxford University. He is the founder of the Molecular Sciences Institute in Berkeley (USA) and, since 2001, he is Professor at the Salk Institute in La Jolla (USA). In 2002, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the study of programmed cell death together with John Edward Sulston and Robert H. Horvitz.
Tom A. Rapoport
Tom Rapoport has carried out research as Professor at the Zentralinstitut für Molekularbiologie der Akademie der Wissenschaften of the GDR and its successor, the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine. Since 1995, he has been Professor of Cell Biology at Harvard University Medical School of in Boston (USA).
Hermann Schmalzried was associate professor and Director of the Institut für Theoretische Hüttenkunde und Angewandte Physikalische Chemie at the Technical University of Clausthal. Later he became professor of physical chemistry at the University of Hanover and, until his retirement in 1998, also hold the position as Director of the Institute of Physical Chemistry. As a visiting professor he worked at various international universities such as Cornell, Stanford, Oxford, Cambridge (MA), and Warsaw.
Jürgen Wolfrum studiedphysics in Göttingen and Hamburg from 1958 to 1965 and received his doctorate at the University of Göttingen. He then conducted research at the Max Planck Institute for Fluid Dynamics and at the Ruhr University Bochum. In 1980, the University of Göttingen appointed him as associate professor. Two years later, in 1982, he became Chair of Physical Chemistry at the University of Heidelberg. Jürgen Wolfrum was also the founding director of BIOQUANT, the first center for Systems Biology in Europe.