Unified long-range electrostatics and dynamic protonation for realistic biomolecular simulations on the Exascale
In this DFG supported project we target a flexible, portable and scalable solver for potentials and forces, which is a prerequisite for exascale applications in particle-based simulations with long-range interactions in general. As a particularly challenging example that will prove and demonstrate the capability of our concepts, we use the popular molecular dynamics (MD) simulation software GROMACS. MD simulation has become a crucial tool to the scientific community, especially as it probes time- and length scales difficult or impossible to probe experimentally. Moreover, it is a prototypic example of a general class of complex multiparticle systems with long-range interactions.
MD simulations elucidate detailed, time-resolved behaviour of biology’s nanomachines. From a computational point of view, they are extremely challenging for two main reasons. First, to properly describe the functional motions of biomolecules, the long-range effects of the electrostatic interactions must be explicitly accounted for. Therefore, techniques like the particle-mesh Ewald method were adopted, which, however, severely limits the scaling to a large number of cores due to global communication requirements. The second challenge is to realistically describe the time-dependent location of (partial) charges, as e.g. the protonation states of the molecules depend on their time-dependent electrostatic environment. Here we address both tighly interlinked challenges by the development, implementation, and optimization of a unified algorithm for long-range interactions that will account for realistic, dynamic protonation states and at the same time overcome current scaling limitations.
On May 19–20, a group of >50 GROMACS developers and users gathered at the Max Planck Institute for biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen to discuss various aspects of software development and future directions for GROMACS.
12 (3), pp. 1040 - 1051 (2016)
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Accelerating an FMM-Based Coulomb Solver with GPUs
Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering 113 (2016) "Software for Exascale Computing - SPPEXA 2013-2015", Eds. HJ Bungartz, P. Neumann, WE Nagel, Springer, pp. 485-504
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Portable Node-Level Performance Optimization for the Fast Multipole Method
Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering 105, 29-46 (2015)
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Best bang for your buck: GPU nodes for GROMACS biomolecular simulations. Journal of Computational Chemistry
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Comparison of scalable fast methods for long-range interactions
Phys. Rev. E 88 063308-1-22 (2013)
GMCT: A Monte Carlo simulation package for macromolecular receptors
Journal of Computational Chemistry 33, 887-900 (2012)
7 (6), pp. 1962 - 1978 (2011)
Constant pH molecular dynamics in explicit solvent with lambda-dynamics. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation